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Gong Bao Ji Ding Recipe: Easy-to-Make Chinese Delight!

Gong Bao Ji Ding

If you are a fan of Chinese cuisine, then you must have come across the delectable Gong Bao Ji Ding, also known as Kung Pao Chicken. This iconic dish has been tantalizing taste buds for centuries with its bold flavors and unique combination of ingredients. In this article, we’ll explore the history, ingredients, step-by-step preparation, and some interesting facts about Gong Bao Ji Ding. So, get ready to embark on a culinary journey and learn how to prepare this delicious recipe in the comfort of your own kitchen.



Gong Bao Ji Ding, or Kung Pao Chicken, has a fascinating history that dates back to the Qing Dynasty in China. The dish is named after Ding Baozhen, a well-respected governor of Sichuan province during the reign of Emperor Guangxu. Ding Baozhen was not only a skilled politician but also a gourmand who loved exploring various culinary delights.

As the story goes, Ding Baozhen was known to be a big fan of a local dish that combined tender chunks of chicken, peanuts, and dried chili peppers, all cooked in a flavorful sauce. He admired the dish’s balanced flavors, the tingling spiciness of the chilies, and the satisfying crunch of the peanuts. Ding enjoyed it so much that he frequently requested the dish to be served during his official banquets.

The chef responsible for preparing this delightful creation was a talented man named Peng Chang-kuei. Peng had an uncanny ability to concoct dishes that tantalized the taste buds of all who tried them. He crafted the perfect balance of flavors and textures in the Gong Bao Ji Ding that Ding Baozhen loved so much.

As time passed, Ding Baozhen’s appreciation for the dish grew, and it soon gained popularity among the locals. Its fame spread beyond the province of Sichuan, and as the Chinese diaspora began to disperse around the world, so did the fame of Gong Bao Ji Ding. It quickly found its place on the menus of Chinese restaurants globally, where it became a beloved staple of Chinese cuisine.

However, the dish underwent some changes over the years to suit different palates. In some regions, people modified the original recipe to make it spicier, while others added their unique twists using local ingredients. Despite the variations, the core essence of Gong Bao Ji Ding remained intact—a harmonious blend of savory, spicy, and nutty flavors that continue to delight food enthusiasts worldwide.

Today, Gong Bao Ji Ding stands as a symbol of Chinese culinary heritage, celebrated for its rich history and unforgettable taste. Its popularity endures, and it remains a beloved dish, reminding us of the great governor Ding Baozhen and the talented chef Peng Chang-kuei, who gifted the world with this timeless gastronomic masterpiece.


StepTime (Approx.)
Marinating the Chicken30 minutes
Preparing the Sauce15 minutes
Chopping Vegetables and Nuts20 minutes
Cooking the Chicken15 minutes
Stir-Frying with Vegetables10 minutes
Adding the Sauce and Nuts5 minutes
Final Stir-Fry and Garnish5 minutes
Total1 hour 40 minutes

Please note that the preparation and cooking times may vary slightly based on individual cooking skills and equipment used. It’s always a good idea to keep a close eye on the dish during the cooking process to ensure the best results. Enjoy your culinary adventure with Gong Bao Ji Ding!


IngredientsQuantity for 2-Person Serving
Boneless, skinless chicken300 grams
Cornstarch2 tablespoons
Soy sauce2 tablespoons
Rice wine or dry sherry1 tablespoon
Chinese black vinegar1 tablespoon
Sugar1 tablespoon
Chicken broth or water2 tablespoons
Vegetable oil2 tablespoons
Dried red chili peppers6-8
Sichuan peppercorns1 teaspoon
Garlic cloves, minced2 cloves
Fresh ginger, minced1 tablespoon
Roasted peanuts1/4 cup
Green onions (scallions)2 stalks

Please ensure you have all the ingredients ready before you start preparing the delicious Gong Bao Ji Ding for your two-person meal. Enjoy your cooking!


Step 1: Marinating the Chicken

  1. Cut the boneless, skinless chicken into bite-sized cubes.
  2. In a bowl, combine the chicken with cornstarch, soy sauce, and rice wine (or dry sherry).
  3. Mix well until the chicken is evenly coated with the marinade.
  4. Let the chicken marinate for at least 15-30 minutes to enhance its flavor and tenderness.

Step 2: Preparing the Sauce

  1. In a small bowl, mix Chinese black vinegar, sugar, and chicken broth (or water) to create the sauce.
  2. Stir until the sugar is completely dissolved. Set the sauce aside for later use.

Step 3: Chopping Vegetables and Nuts

  1. Remove the seeds from the dried red chili peppers and chop them into small pieces.
  2. Crush the Sichuan peppercorns lightly using a mortar and pestle to release their aroma.
  3. Mince the garlic cloves and fresh ginger finely.
  4. Chop the green onions (scallions) into small pieces, separating the white and green parts.
  5. Measure the roasted peanuts and set them aside.

Step 4: Cooking the Chicken

  1. In a wok or a large skillet, heat the vegetable oil over medium-high heat.
  2. Add the marinated chicken and stir-fry until it turns golden brown and fully cooked. This should take about 5-7 minutes.

Step 5: Stir-Frying with Vegetables

  1. Keeping the heat on medium-high, add the chopped dried red chili peppers and Sichuan peppercorns to the cooked chicken.
  2. Stir-fry for a minute to infuse the dish with their spicy and numbing flavors.
  3. Next, add the minced garlic and ginger to the wok. Continue stir-frying for another minute to release their aromatic essence.

Step 6: Adding the Sauce and Nuts

  1. Pour the prepared sauce over the chicken and vegetables in the wok.
  2. Toss everything together to coat the ingredients evenly with the sauce.
  3. Add the roasted peanuts and stir-fry for an additional minute to let the flavors meld.

Step 7: Final Stir-Fry and Garnish

  1. Increase the heat to high and give the Gong Bao Ji Ding a final quick stir-fry, ensuring everything is well combined.
  2. Garnish with the chopped green onions (scallions) and mix them in.

Step 8: Serve and Enjoy

  1. Transfer the delicious Gong Bao Ji Ding to a serving dish.
  2. Serve it hot with steamed rice and enjoy this delightful Chinese dish with your loved ones.

Now, you’re ready to savor the flavors of Gong Bao Ji Ding in the comfort of your home. Bon appétit!

Equipment Required

Nutrition Information

Nutrition InformationAmount per 2-Person Serving
Serving Size1 plate
Calories400 calories
Total Fat20g
– Saturated Fat4g
– Trans Fat0g
Total Carbohydrates15g
– Dietary Fiber3g
– Sugars5g

Please note that the nutrition information provided is approximate and can vary based on specific ingredients used and portion sizes. It’s always a good idea to calculate the exact values based on the specific products you use to ensure accurate nutritional data. Enjoy your delicious and nutritious Gong Bao Ji Ding!


  • Chicken Choice: Use boneless, skinless chicken thighs for a more tender and flavorful result. However, you can also use chicken breast if you prefer a leaner option.
  • Marinating Time: For the best flavor, allow the chicken to marinate for at least 15-30 minutes. If you have more time, marinating it for a few hours in the refrigerator can intensify the taste.
  • Adjusting Spice Level: Control the spiciness by adjusting the amount of dried red chili peppers. For a milder version, remove the seeds from the peppers before chopping them.
  • Sichuan Peppercorns: Sichuan peppercorns provide a unique numbing sensation and flavor. Adjust the amount according to your preference or omit them if you prefer a non-spicy version.
  • Sauce Consistency: If you prefer a thicker sauce, you can add a cornstarch slurry (cornstarch mixed with water) to the sauce mixture. Stir it in before pouring it over the stir-fried ingredients.
  • Peanut Substitutes: If you have allergies or prefer other nuts, feel free to substitute roasted peanuts with cashews, almonds, or even pine nuts.
  • Vegetable Variations: While the traditional recipe includes dried red chili peppers and green onions, you can add other vegetables like bell peppers, carrots, or broccoli for extra color and nutrition.
  • Garlic and Ginger: Freshly minced garlic and ginger provide the best flavor. You can use store-bought minced garlic and ginger paste as a time-saving alternative, but fresh is always preferred.
  • Stir-Fry High Heat: Use high heat while stir-frying to achieve the classic “wok hei” or smoky aroma, a hallmark of authentic Chinese stir-fry dishes.
  • Prep Work First: Ensure all ingredients are chopped, minced, and measured before starting to cook. Stir-frying is a fast process, so having everything ready will make the cooking smoother.
  • Rice Pairing: Gong Bao Ji Ding pairs perfectly with steamed white rice, jasmine rice, or even fried rice. The rice helps balance the bold flavors and complements the dish.
  • Taste and Adjust: Before serving, taste the dish and adjust the seasonings according to your preference. You can add more soy sauce, sugar, or even a dash of vinegar to achieve the desired taste.

Pros & Cons

✅ Bursting with Bold Flavors❌ High Sodium Content
✅ Quick and Easy to Prepare❌ Spicy for Some Palates
✅ Versatile – Customize Ingredients❌ Contains Fried Ingredients
✅ Rich Source of Protein❌ May Not Be Suitable for Nut Allergies
✅ Blends Savory and Nutty Flavors❌ Requires Some Chopping and Prep Work


In conclusion, Gong Bao Ji Ding, also known as Kung Pao Chicken, is a delightful Chinese recipe that captures the essence of bold flavors, aromatic spices, and a delightful crunch. This iconic dish, with its rich history and cultural significance, has won the hearts of people worldwide, and for good reason!

With its quick and easy preparation, Gong Bao Ji Ding is the perfect dish to bring a taste of authentic Chinese cuisine to your dinner table. The tender chicken marinated in a savory sauce, combined with the heat of dried red chili peppers and the nutty goodness of roasted peanuts, creates a harmonious symphony of flavors that will tantalize your taste buds.

The beauty of this recipe lies in its versatility; you can easily customize it to suit your preferences by adjusting the spiciness, incorporating your favorite vegetables, or substituting nuts to cater to allergies. It’s a fantastic dish for both novice and seasoned cooks, and it provides a balanced combination of protein, fiber, and essential nutrients.

So, whether you’re looking to explore new flavors or recreate the taste of an authentic Chinese restaurant in your home, Gong Bao Ji Ding is a must-try. Embrace the culinary adventure and surprise your family and friends with this delicious and memorable dish.

Don’t hesitate to gather the ingredients, follow the step-by-step guide, and embark on a gastronomic journey with Gong Bao Ji Ding. It’s an opportunity to savor the vibrant tastes of Chinese cuisine and enjoy a wholesome and satisfying meal.

Remember, cooking is an art, and every chef adds their touch to a recipe. So, feel free to get creative and make this dish your own. Discover the joy of mastering this beloved Chinese delicacy and delight in the compliments that come your way.

Unlock the flavors of Gong Bao Ji Ding, and treat yourself and your loved ones to a delightful feast. So, go ahead and give it a try – your taste buds will thank you!


  • 1. 🥢 A Governor’s Favorite Dish
    • Gong Bao Ji Ding’s popularity can be traced back to a legendary Chinese governor, Ding Baozhen, who served in the Qing Dynasty. He was not only a skilled politician but also a food enthusiast. It is said that Ding Baozhen was so fond of this dish that it became a staple in his official banquets.
  • 2. 🔥 The Legend of Sichuan Peppercorns
    • One of the key ingredients in Gong Bao Ji Ding is Sichuan peppercorns. These unique peppercorns don’t just add spice; they also bring a distinct numbing sensation to the dish. Legend has it that Sichuan peppercorns were discovered by accident when a Chinese emperor tasted them for the first time while searching for the legendary “elixir of life.”
  • 3. 🌐 From Sichuan Province to Global Fame
    • Gong Bao Ji Ding’s popularity spread far beyond Sichuan province and made its way to international fame. As Chinese immigrants traveled to different parts of the world, they brought this iconic dish with them, making it a beloved staple on Chinese restaurant menus worldwide.
  • 4. 📜 Peng Chang-kuei’s Culinary Journey
    • The man behind the popular version of Gong Bao Ji Ding we know today is Chef Peng Chang-kuei. He was a talented chef and a pioneer in introducing authentic Chinese cuisine to the United States in the 20th century. Chef Peng’s unique blend of flavors and culinary skills contributed to the dish’s worldwide recognition.
  • 5. 🧂 The Myth of the Salty Chicken Dish
    • The dish’s name, “Kung Pao Chicken,” has an interesting origin. It is named after a Sichuan Governor’s title, “Gong Bao” (Kung Pao in Wade-Giles romanization). However, the term “Kung Pao” is also slang for “palace guardian” in Chinese, leading to a misconception that the dish is “Salty Chicken” since “Kung Pao” sounds similar to the Chinese word for “salty.”


Can I use a different protein instead of chicken?

Yes, you can substitute chicken with other proteins like tofu, shrimp, or even beef to suit your dietary preferences.

Is Gong Bao Ji Ding a spicy dish?

Yes, Gong Bao Ji Ding is traditionally a spicy dish due to the use of dried red chili peppers. You can adjust the spiciness by controlling the amount of chili peppers used.

How can I make Gong Bao Ji Ding less spicy?

To reduce the spiciness, remove the seeds from the dried red chili peppers before adding them to the dish.

Can I make Gong Bao Ji Ding ahead of time?

While it’s best enjoyed fresh, you can prepare the ingredients in advance and store them separately. Assemble and stir-fry the dish just before serving for optimal taste and texture.

Is Gong Bao Ji Ding gluten-free?

The traditional recipe may contain soy sauce, which usually contains gluten. To make it gluten-free, use tamari or a gluten-free soy sauce alternative.

Can I add more vegetables to the dish?

Absolutely! Gong Bao Ji Ding is versatile, and you can add vegetables like bell peppers, zucchini, or broccoli to enhance its nutritional value and taste.

How do I prevent the chicken from getting tough while stir-frying?

Ensure the wok or skillet is hot before adding the chicken, and avoid overcooking. Stir-fry the chicken until it’s just cooked through to maintain its tenderness.

Can I make Gong Bao Ji Ding nut-free?

Yes, you can omit the roasted peanuts or substitute them with toasted seeds like sunflower or pumpkin seeds.

What type of rice is best to serve with Gong Bao Ji Ding?

Steamed white rice or jasmine rice complements Gong Bao Ji Ding’s bold flavors perfectly. Brown rice or cauliflower rice can be used for a healthier alternative.

Can I make a vegetarian version of Gong Bao Ji Ding?

Absolutely! Use tofu or tempeh as the protein, and skip the chicken. The sauce and spices will infuse the tofu with fantastic flavors.